Female mosquitoes only spread the malarial parasite. When a female mosquito bites a person who is already infected with malaria, and it carries the parasite which presents in the blood of that person. When that female mosquito bites it's next victims, accidentally injects the parasite into that person. This how malaria spreads.
Symptoms of malaria begin after 10 to 28 days after infection, in spite a person may feel ill as early as 7 days or as late as 1 year later. In case of a non-immune individual, symptoms usually appear in 10- 15 days after infection. The initial symptoms of Malaria include—
- Fever (High Temperature)
- A headache
- Shaking chills
- Body muscle pain
- Generally unwell feeling
- Nausea and vomiting
- Drop-in blood pressure and dizziness
- Loss of Appetite
Other ComplicationsIf immediate attention and treatment not taken then it can develop to severe and life-threatening complications like can result in any organ failure, enlargement of spleen, dry cough, and severe breathing issues.
Malaria in the rare case can affect the brain and develop cerebral malaria. Cerebral malaria is the condition in which malarial parasite attacks brain cells and cause them to swell and sometimes it leads to permanent brain damage.
If malaria is not treated promptly malaria parasite can cause infection over kidney and in a severe case can lead to kidney failure.
How to be sure of Malaria?If you see these symptoms, it is advisable to get the blood test done. Early diagnosis of malaria and treatment of it reduces the risk of epidemic spread and prevent deaths. The surest way to diagnose malaria for your health care provider is by microscopic examination of a blood smear using Giemsa's stain. Another way to get sure is "Rapid Diagnostic Test for malaria". Unlike microscopy method, the rapid diagnostic test requires little training and the result is available after 15 to 30 minutes.
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Is Malaria contagious?Malaria is not contagious from person to person like flu or a cold and it's not sexually transmitted.
Malaria claims the lives of 4,55,000 people per year — 90 percent of those in Africa. The malaria vaccine is still under development as per scientists.
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- As per WHO "Vactor control is the main way to prevent and reduce malaria transmission." Two forms of vector control- insecticide-treated mosquito nets and other one is indoor residual spraying.
- Go-for full sleeve clothing, if you traveling to malaria-prone areas.
- Stagnant water gives the breeding platform to mosquitoes, hence, not allow water to collect on any corner or puddles near your home during monsoons.
I hope you found helpful reading this post, thank you for your time. If you have any other helpful tips, queries or information about this disease, reach out to me by comments.